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Rebellions and counter-rebellions in the Democratic Republic of the Congo 2002-2012

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Mise à jour : 11/04/2017  - Auteur :  CDEF/DREX/B. recherche/M. Willy Andrews, LCL Pauc, LCL Housset  - Direction :  CDEC/Pub-comm

May 2016. The purpose of this lessons learned casebook is to show the cultural complexity often underlying crisis situations.

Understanding the local culture is a necessity for crisis resolution, otherwise the opposite of the desired effect may take hold.

This lessons learned casebook may be used by planners and military personnel committed in security force assistance (AMO ). It can be used as a resource for an exercise theme.

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The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) had two successive wars waged on its territory between 1997 and 2002. These wars involved national players divided into several opposing factions, as well as the Armed Forces of several the regions countries, Rwanda and Uganda in particularThe Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) had two successive wars waged on its territory between 1997 and 2002. These wars involved national players divided into several opposing factions, as well as the Armed Forces of several the regions countries, Rwanda and Uganda in particular.

The international community intervened in the conflict in November 1999 under UN Security Council Resolution 1279. The United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo or MONUC (its French acronym) was created. With the signing of the Pretoria Peace Agreement on December 17, 2002, the DRC entered into a period of peace consolidation, of political stabilization and of economic reconstruction.

Table of contents

Introduction

Chapter I – The legacy of a power legitimized by elections

I.1 The post-conflict transition confronted with the complexity of the Kivu question

I.2 The Congolese National Army, a forever failing tool

Chapter II – A low intensity conflict

II.1 the CNDP, executioner of the congolese authorities

II.2 The DFLR: a Rwandan rebellion on the Congolese territory

II.3 The Congolese authorities facing armed groups

Chapitre III – Doubts abouts the efficiency of the international commitment

III.1 The blue helmets in the Kivu

III.2 The transformation of the armed forces through international programs

Conclusion

List of acronyms

Bibliography

Chronology

Related documents

Sources : CDEF/DREX/B. recherche/M. Willy Andrews, LCL Pauc, LCL Housset
Droits : CDEF/DREX/B. recherche/M. Willy Andrews, LCL Pauc, LCL Housset

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